Dentistry is a specialized branch of medicine that deals with prevention and treatment of conditions for the oral cavity. Within general dentistry, there are specialties such as orthodontics, pediatric dentistry for kids and families, oral surgery, and oral and maxillofacial dentistry. For everyday needs, you will most likely be seeing a general medical dentist. You will typically need to go in every 6 months or so for professional deep cleanings by a dental hygienist. The dentist will then see you and examine your teeth to make sure no alignment issues are occurring. You will also be advised on how to maintain good oral hygiene habits to prevent bacteria colonization and infections such as gingivitis and periodontitis from occurring. Besides cleanings, different dental treatments include dental fillings for cavities and root canals. In the event that you have a dental emergency such as pain or injury to your mouth, contact your dentist immediately for treatment.